Glossary

1.Acid Insoluble Ash

Acid Insoluble Ash consists primarily of silica and silicates.

2.Ash Content

Ash Content refers to the mineral content of flour, and is determined by burning a given quantity of flour under prescribed conditions and measuring the residue. The mineral content varies and depends on many factors, such as the variety of product, the terrain, the fertilization, and the climate.

3.Brookfield Viscometer

Brookfield Viscosity usually refers to a viscosity measurement performed with a Brookfield Viscometer, sometimes referred to as a Brookfield viscosimeter.  There are several models of viscometer available from Brookfield but the majority operate in the same manner: the viscometer motor rotates the spindle at a defined speed (measured in rpm) or shear rate and the viscometer measures the resistance to rotation and reports a viscosity value.  Various spindle designs can be employed, depending on the nature of the sample and the requirements.

4.Carboxy Methyl Starch

Carboxy Methyl Starch (CMS) is an important modified starch with unique properties due to the presence of negatively charged functional group and CMS has a wide range of applications in industries, mostly used for purposes of thickening, stabilization, water preserving...etc.

Another closed related material is carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC), which has been used intensively in similar industries. However, CMS not only has many advantages over CMC, but comes with a much lower price tag. Therefore, CMS is poising to replace CMC in many of industrial applications.

5.Crude Oil

Crude Oil refers to natural mineral oil found in seeds or in nature.

6.Colour

Colour is the property possessed by an object of producing different sensations on the eye as a result of the way it reflects or emits light.(Different shades and quality of tamarind kernel powder)

7.De oil Tamarind Kernel Powder

De Oil is the process of removing or extracting oil from the raw material. Tamarind kernel powder is deoiled to stabilize its deteriorating colour and odor on storage.

8.Decorticated

Decorticated are normally refers to removal of the bark, rind, or husk from tamarind seeds.

9.Fibre

Fibre is a dietary material containing substances such as cellulose, lignin, and pectin, that are resistant to the action of digestive enzymes.

10.Filtration

Filtration is the action or process of filtering something.

Or

Filtration is used to separate particles and fluid in a suspension, where the fluid can be a liquid, a gas or a supercritical fluid. Depending on the application, either one or both of the components may be isolated.

11.Galactoxyloglucan

Galactoxyloglucan (biochemistry) it is an amyloidglucan from the seeds that contains galactose and xylose and also it blend of galactose and xylose and glucan.

12.Grade

Grade is originally used as a unit of measurement of angles (a degree of arc), the term later referred to degrees of merit or quality.

13.HDPE

High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) or Polyethylene High Density (PEHD) is a polyethylene thermoplastic made from petroleum.

14.Lipids

Lipids are an organic compound belonging to a group of compounds that are not water-soluble and include animal fat, plant oils and waxes.

15.Mesh

Mesh is referred as material size and often used in determining the particle-size distribution of a granular material.

16.Moisture

Moisture is dampness or an amount of water in the material.

Water Content or Moisture Content is the quantity of water contained in a material.

17.Modified Starch

Modified Starch, also called Starch Derivatives, is prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties and Starches are modified to increase their stability against excessive heat, acid, shear, time, cooling, or freezing; to change their texture; to decrease or increase their viscosity; to lengthen or shorten gelatinization time; or to increase their visco-stability.

18.Natural polymers

Natural Polymers or (Biopolymers) are polymers that occur naturally or are produced by living organisms (such as cellulose, silk, chitin, protein, DNA).

Or

Natural Polymers are a wider definition; natural polymers can be man-made out of raw materials that are found in nature.

19.Odour

Natural Polymers is a distinctive attribute or characteristic possessed by something.

20.Packaging

Packaging is a process (such as cleaning, drying, preserving) and materials (such as glass, metal, paper or paperboard, plastic) employed to contain, handle, protect, and/or transport an article.

21.Polymers

Polymers are a substance which has a molecular structure built up chiefly or completely from a large number of similar units bonded together, Example: - many synthetic organic materials used as plastics and resins.

22.Pectin

Pectin is a kind of polysaccharide that is obtained from plant such as citrus fruit peel, apple peel etc. Pectin is also a vegetable gum and food thickener that is used to make gel and almost every fruit based products such as jam, confectioneries, fruit drinks etc.

23.pH value

In chemistry, pH (/piː eɪtʃ/ or /piː heɪtʃ/) is a measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are said to be acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic or alkaline. Pure water has a pH very close to 7.

24.Proteins

Proteins is an any of a class of nitrogenous organic compounds which have large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, etc., and as enzymes and antibodies.

25.Polysaccharide

Polysaccharideis a carbohydrate (e.g. starch, cellulose, or glycogen) whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.

26.Raw Material

Raw Material is the basic material from which a final product is made.

Or

Raw Material is a basic substance in its natural, modified, or semi-processed state, used as an input to a production process for subsequent modification or transformation into a finished good.

27.Residue

Residue is a small amount of something that remains after the main part has gone or been taken or used.

Or

Residue is a matter remaining after completion of an abstractive chemical or physical process, such as evaporation, distillation or filtration.

28.Starch

Starch is an odourless, tasteless white substance occurring widely in plant tissue and obtained chiefly from cereals and potatoes. It is a polysaccharide which functions as a carbohydrate store and is an important constituent of the human diet.

Or

Starch is a polysaccharide composed of glucose units that occurs widely in planttissues in the form of storage granules, consisting of amylase andamylopectin related adjective amylaceous.

29.Tamarind

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) (from Arabic: تمر هندي‎, romanized tamar hindi, "Indian date") is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceaeindigenous to tropical Africa. The genus Tamarindus is a monotypic taxon, having only a single species.

30.Tamarind Fruit

The tamarind tree produces edible, pod-like fruit is called Tamarind Fruit which are used extensively in cuisines around the world.

Or

Tamarind Fruit is 3 - 8 inch long, brown, irregularly curved pods are borne in abundance along the new branches and contains certain health benefiting essential volatile chemical compounds, minerals, vitamins and dietary fiber.

Or

Tamarind Fruit is a sticky pulp which is rich source of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) or dietary-fiber such as gums, hemicelluloses, mucilage, pectin and tannins.

31.Tamarindus Indica

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) (from Arabic: تمر هندي‎, romanized tamar hindi, "Indian date") is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceaeindigenous to tropical Africa. The genus Tamarindus is a monotypic taxon, having only a single species.

32.Husk

Husk (or hull) in botany is the outer shell or coating of a seed.

33.Tamarind Kernel

Tamarind Kernel is a natural hydrocolloid source, for it is containing starch and gum, the kernel can be changed in powder form to increase its utility.

34.Tamarind Kernel Powder

Tamarind kernel powder (TKP) is a food grade natural polysaccharide and one of the cheapest gums, is derived from the seeds of tamarind tree fruits.

Or

Tamarind Kernel Powder is the powder made from tamarind kernels has been adopted by the Indian textile industry as 300% more efficient and more economical than cornstarch for sizing and finishing cotton, jute and spun viscose, as well as having other technical advantages. It is commonly used for dressing homemade blankets. Other industrial uses include employment in colour printing of textiles, paper sizing, leather treating, the manufacture of a structural plastic, glue for wood, a stabilizer in bricks, a binder in sawdust briquettes, and a thickener in some explosives.

35.Thickeners

Thickeners or Thickening Agents are substances that are added to food preparations for increasing their viscosity without changing other properties like taste.

36.Natural Gum

Natural Gum is polysaccharides of natural origin, capable of causing a large increase in a solution’s viscosity, even at small concentrations.

37.Tamarind Seed Husk

Tamarind Seed Husk is a material consisting of seed coverings.

38.Tamarind Seeds

Tamarind Seeds are underutilized by product of the tamarind pulp industry. 

Or

Tamarind Seeds are the seeds from tamarind fruit which contains amber oil and many other useful properties and amber oil is used as an illuminate and as a varnish especially preferred for painting dolls and idols. The oil is said to be palatable and of culinary quality. The tannin-rich seed coat (testa) is under investigation as having some utility as an adhesive for plywood’s and in dyeing and tanning, though it is of inferior quality and gives a red hue to leather.

39.Tamarind Seed Powder

Tamarind Seed Powder is the powder made from tamarind kernels has been adopted by the Indian textile industry as 300% more efficient and more economical than cornstarch for sizing and finishing cotton, jute and spun viscose, as well as having other technical advantages. It is commonly used for dressing homemade blankets. Other industrial uses include employment in colour printing of textiles, paper sizing, leather treating, the manufacture of a structural plastic, glue for wood, a stabilizer in bricks, a binder in sawdust briquettes, and a thickener in some explosives.

40.Tamarind Tree

Tamarind Tree is a long-lived and slow-growing, massive tree with high resistance to wind dark-gray and rough bark and strong, supple branches that are gracefully drooping at the ends.

Or

Tamarind Tree is a native tree to many parts of tropical Africa and Asia. The tree prefers hot, humid environment and soil that is damp but well drained. The tamarind tree was introduced to North America but has never thrived because of its poor tolerance to cold weather. The slow evergreen tree can grow quite tall but recent cultivars only grow to heights of 10-20 feet. The flowers of the tamarind are inconspicuous but it is the edible fruit which has made the tree famous.

41.Viscosity

Viscosity is the measure of the internal friction of a fluid.

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